小程序模板网

微信小程序开发—表单组件

2017-12-12 焰慧地

button 按钮

注:button-hover 默认为{background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1); opacity: 0.7;}

示例代码:

/** wxss **/
/** 修改button默认的点击态样式类**/
.button-hover {
  background-color: red;
}
/** 添加自定义button点击态样式类**/
.other-button-hover {
  background-color: blur;
}
<button type="default" size="{{defaultSize}}" loading="{{loading}}" plain="{{plain}}"
        disabled="{{disabled}}" bindtap="default" hover-class="other-button-hover"> default </button>
<button type="primary" size="{{primarySize}}" loading="{{loading}}" plain="{{plain}}"
        disabled="{{disabled}}" bindtap="primary"> primary </button>
<button type="warn" size="{{warnSize}}" loading="{{loading}}" plain="{{plain}}"
        disabled="{{disabled}}" bindtap="warn"> warn </button>
<button bindtap="setDisabled">点击设置以上按钮disabled属性</button>
<button bindtap="setPlain">点击设置以上按钮plain属性</button>
<button bindtap="setLoading">点击设置以上按钮loading属性</button>
var types = ['default', 'primary', 'warn']
var pageObject = {
  data: {
    defaultSize: 'default',
    primarySize: 'default',
    warnSize: 'default',
    disabled: false,
    plain: false,
    loading: false
  },
  setDisabled: function(e) {
    this.setData({
      disabled: !this.data.disabled
    })
  },
  setPlain: function(e) {
    this.setData({
      plain: !this.data.plain
    })
  },
  setLoading: function(e) {
    this.setData({
      loading: !this.data.loading
    })
  }
}

for (var i = 0; i < types.length; ++i) {
  (function(type) {
    pageObject[type] = function(e) {
      var key = type + 'Size'
      var changedData = {}
      changedData[key] =
        this.data[key] === 'default' ? 'mini' : 'default'
      this.setData(changedData)
    }
  })(types[i])
}

Page(pageObject)

checkbox-group  多项选择器,内部由多个checkbox组成。

checkbox 多选项目

示例:

<checkbox-group bindchange="checkboxChange">
  <label class="checkbox" wx:for="{{items}}">
    <checkbox value="{{item.name}}" checked="{{item.checked}}"/>{{item.value}}
  </label>
</checkbox-group>
Page({
  data: {
    items: [
      {name: 'USA', value: '美国'},
      {name: 'CHN', value: '中国', checked: 'true'},
      {name: 'BRA', value: '巴西'},
      {name: 'JPN', value: '日本'},
      {name: 'ENG', value: '英国'},
      {name: 'TUR', value: '法国'},
    ]
  },
  checkboxChange: function(e) {
    console.log('checkbox发生change事件,携带value值为:', e.detail.value)
  }
})

form  表单

表单,将组件内的用户输入的<switch/> <input/> <checkbox/> <slider/> <radio/> <picker/> 提交。

 

 示例代码:

<form bindsubmit="formSubmit" bindreset="formReset">
  <view class="section section_gap">
    <view class="section__title">switch</view>
    <switch name="switch"/>
  </view>
  <view class="section section_gap">
    <view class="section__title">slider</view>
    <slider name="slider" show-value ></slider>
  </view>

  <view class="section">
    <view class="section__title">input</view>
    <input name="input" placeholder="please input here" />
  </view>
  <view class="section section_gap">
    <view class="section__title">radio</view>
    <radio-group name="radio-group">
      <label><radio value="radio1"/>radio1</label>
      <label><radio value="radio2"/>radio2</label>
    </radio-group>
  </view>
  <view class="section section_gap">
    <view class="section__title">checkbox</view>
    <checkbox-group name="checkbox">
      <label><checkbox value="checkbox1"/>checkbox1</label>
      <label><checkbox value="checkbox2"/>checkbox2</label>
    </checkbox-group>
  </view>
  <view class="btn-area">
    <button formType="submit">Submit</button>
    <button formType="reset">Reset</button>
  </view>
</form>
Page({
  formSubmit: function(e) {
    console.log('form发生了submit事件,携带数据为:', e.detail.value)
  },
  formReset: function() {
    console.log('form发生了reset事件')
  }
})

 

input 输入框

示例代码:

<!--input.wxml-->
<view class="section">
  <input placeholder="这是一个可以自动聚焦的input" auto-focus/>
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input placeholder="这个只有在按钮点击的时候才聚焦" focus="{{focus}}" />
  <view class="btn-area">
    <button bindtap="bindButtonTap">使得输入框获取焦点</button>
  </view>
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input  maxlength="10" placeholder="最大输入长度10" />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <view class="section__title">你输入的是:{{inputValue}}</view>
  <input  bindinput="bindKeyInput" placeholder="输入同步到view中"/>
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input  bindinput="bindReplaceInput" placeholder="连续的两个1会变成2" />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input  bindinput="bindHideKeyboard" placeholder="输入123自动收起键盘" />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input password type="number" />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input password type="text" />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input type="digit" placeholder="带小数点的数字键盘"/>
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input type="idcard" placeholder="身份证输入键盘" />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <input placeholder-style="color:red" placeholder="占位符字体是红色的" />
</view>
//input.js
Page({
  data: {
    focus: false,
    inputValue: ''
  },
  bindButtonTap: function() {
    this.setData({
      focus: true
    })
  },
  bindKeyInput: function(e) {
    this.setData({
      inputValue: e.detail.value
    })
  },
  bindReplaceInput: function(e) {
    var value = e.detail.value
    var pos = e.detail.cursor
    if(pos != -1){
      //光标在中间
      var left = e.detail.value.slice(0,pos)
      //计算光标的位置
      pos = left.replace(/11/g,'2').length
    }

    //直接返回对象,可以对输入进行过滤处理,同时可以控制光标的位置
    return {
      value: value.replace(/11/g,'2'),
      cursor: pos
    }

    //或者直接返回字符串,光标在最后边
    //return value.replace(/11/g,'2'),
  },
  bindHideKeyboard: function(e) {
    if (e.detail.value === '123') {
      //收起键盘
      wx.hideKeyboard()
    }
  }
})

label

用来改进表单组件的可用性,使用for属性找到对应的id,或者将控件放在该标签下,当点击时,就会触发对应的控件。

for优先级高于内部控件,内部有多个控件的时候默认触发第一个控件。

目前可以绑定的控件有:<button/><checkbox/><radio/><switch/>

示例代码:

 

<view class="section section_gap">
<view class="section__title">表单组件在label内</view>
<checkbox-group class="group" bindchange="checkboxChange">
  <view class="label-1" wx:for="{{checkboxItems}}">
    <label>
      <checkbox hidden value="{{item.name}}" checked="{{item.checked}}"></checkbox>
      <view class="label-1__icon">
        <view class="label-1__icon-checked" style="opacity:{{item.checked ? 1: 0}}"></view>
      </view>
      <text class="label-1__text">{{item.value}}</text>
    </label>
  </view>
</checkbox-group>
</view>

<view class="section section_gap">
<view class="section__title">label用for标识表单组件</view>
<radio-group class="group" bindchange="radioChange">
  <view class="label-2" wx:for="{{radioItems}}">
    <radio id="{{item.name}}" hidden value="{{item.name}}" checked="{{item.checked}}"></radio>
    <view class="label-2__icon">
      <view class="label-2__icon-checked" style="opacity:{{item.checked ? 1: 0}}"></view>
    </view>
    <label class="label-2__text" for="{{item.name}}"><text>{{item.name}}</text></label>
  </view>
</radio-group>
</view>
Page({
  data: {
    checkboxItems: [
      {name: 'USA', value: '美国'},
      {name: 'CHN', value: '中国', checked: 'true'},
      {name: 'BRA', value: '巴西'},
      {name: 'JPN', value: '日本', checked: 'true'},
      {name: 'ENG', value: '英国'},
      {name: 'TUR', value: '法国'},
    ],
    radioItems: [
      {name: 'USA', value: '美国'},
      {name: 'CHN', value: '中国', checked: 'true'},
      {name: 'BRA', value: '巴西'},
      {name: 'JPN', value: '日本'},
      {name: 'ENG', value: '英国'},
      {name: 'TUR', value: '法国'},
    ],
    hidden: false
  },
  checkboxChange: function(e) {
    var checked = e.detail.value
    var changed = {}
    for (var i = 0; i < this.data.checkboxItems.length; i ++) {
      if (checked.indexOf(this.data.checkboxItems[i].name) !== -1) {
        changed['checkboxItems['+i+'].checked'] = true
      } else {
        changed['checkboxItems['+i+'].checked'] = false
      }
    }
    this.setData(changed)
  },
  radioChange: function(e) {
    var checked = e.detail.value
    var changed = {}
    for (var i = 0; i < this.data.radioItems.length; i ++) {
      if (checked.indexOf(this.data.radioItems[i].name) !== -1) {
        changed['radioItems['+i+'].checked'] = true
      } else {
        changed['radioItems['+i+'].checked'] = false
      }
    }
    this.setData(changed)
  }
})
.label-1, .label-2{
    margin-bottom: 15px;
}
.label-1__text, .label-2__text {
    display: inline-block;
    vertical-align: middle;
}

.label-1__icon {
    position: relative;
    margin-right: 10px;
    display: inline-block;
    vertical-align: middle;
    width: 18px;
    height: 18px;
    background: #fcfff4;
}

.label-1__icon-checked {
    position: absolute;
    top: 3px;
    left: 3px;
    width: 12px;
    height: 12px;
    background: #1aad19;
}


.label-2__icon {
    position: relative;
    display: inline-block;
    vertical-align: middle;
    margin-right: 10px;
    width: 18px;
    height: 18px;
    background: #fcfff4;
    border-radius: 50px;
}

.label-2__icon-checked {
    position: absolute;
    left: 3px;
    top: 3px;
    width: 12px;
    height: 12px;
    background: #1aad19;
    border-radius: 50%;
}

.label-4_text{
    text-align: center;
    margin-top: 15px;
}

picker

滚动选择器,现支持三种选择器,通过mode来区分,分别是普通选择器,时间选择器,日期选择器,默认是普通选择器。

普通选择器:mode = selector

时间选择器:mode = time

日期选择器:mode = date

示例代码:

<view class="section">
  <view class="section__title">地区选择器</view>
  <picker bindchange="bindPickerChange" value="{{index}}" range="{{array}}">
    <view class="picker">
      当前选择:{{array[index]}}
    </view>
  </picker>
</view>
<view class="section">
  <view class="section__title">时间选择器</view>
  <picker mode="time" value="{{time}}" start="09:01" end="21:01" bindchange="bindTimeChange">
    <view class="picker">
      当前选择: {{time}}
    </view>
  </picker>
</view>

<view class="section">
  <view class="section__title">日期选择器</view>
  <picker mode="date" value="{{date}}" start="2015-09-01" end="2017-09-01" bindchange="bindDateChange">
    <view class="picker">
      当前选择: {{date}}
    </view>
  </picker>
</view>
Page({
  data: {
    array: ['美国', '中国', '巴西', '日本'],
    index: 0,
    date: '2016-09-01',
    time: '12:01'
  },
  bindPickerChange: function(e) {
    console.log('picker发送选择改变,携带值为', e.detail.value)
    this.setData({
      index: e.detail.value
    })
  },
  bindDateChange: function(e) {
    this.setData({
      date: e.detail.value
    })
  },
  bindTimeChange: function(e) {
    this.setData({
      time: e.detail.value
    })
  }
})

radio-group

单项选择器,内部由多个<radio/>组成。

radio

单选项目

<radio-group class="radio-group" bindchange="radioChange">
  <label class="radio" wx:for="{{items}}">
    <radio value="{{item.name}}" checked="{{item.checked}}"/>{{item.value}}
  </label>
</radio-group>
Page({
  data: {
    items: [
      {name: 'USA', value: '美国'},
      {name: 'CHN', value: '中国', checked: 'true'},
      {name: 'BRA', value: '巴西'},
      {name: 'JPN', value: '日本'},
      {name: 'ENG', value: '英国'},
      {name: 'TUR', value: '法国'},
    ]
  },
  radioChange: function(e) {
    console.log('radio发生change事件,携带value值为:', e.detail.value)
  }
})

slider  滑动选择器。

示例代码:

<view class="section section_gap">
  <text class="section__title">设置left/right icon</text>
  <view class="body-view">
    <slider bindchange="slider1change" left-icon="cancel" right-icon="success_no_circle"/>
  </view>
</view>

<view class="section section_gap">
  <text class="section__title">设置step</text>
  <view class="body-view">
    <slider bindchange="slider2change" step="5"/>
  </view>
</view>

<view class="section section_gap">
  <text class="section__title">显示当前value</text>
  <view class="body-view">
    <slider bindchange="slider3change" show-value/>
  </view>
</view>

<view class="section section_gap">
  <text class="section__title">设置最小/最大值</text>
  <view class="body-view">
    <slider bindchange="slider4change" min="50" max="200" show-value/>
  </view>
</view>
var pageData = {}
for (var i = 1; i < 5; i++) {
  (function (index) {
    pageData['slider' + index + 'change'] = function(e) {
      console.log('slider' + 'index' + '发生 change 事件,携带值为', e.detail.value)
    }
  })(i)
}
Page(pageData)

switch

开关选择器。

 

 

<view class="body-view">
    <switch checked bindchange="switch1Change"/>
    <switch bindchange="switch2Change"/>
</view>
Page({
  switch1Change: function (e){
    console.log('switch1 发生 change 事件,携带值为', e.detail.value)
  },
  switch2Change: function (e){
    console.log('switch2 发生 change 事件,携带值为', e.detail.value)
  }
})

textarea

多行输入框。

示例代码:

<!--textarea.wxml-->
<view class="section">
  <textarea bindblur="bindTextAreaBlur" auto-height placeholder="自动变高" />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <textarea placeholder="placeholder颜色是红色的" placeholder-style="color:red;"  />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <textarea placeholder="这是一个可以自动聚焦的textarea" auto-focus />
</view>
<view class="section">
  <textarea placeholder="这个只有在按钮点击的时候才聚焦" focus="{{focus}}" />
  <view class="btn-area">
    <button bindtap="bindButtonTap">使得输入框获取焦点</button>
  </view>
</view>
//textarea.js
Page({
  data: {
    height: 20,
    focus: false
  },
  bindButtonTap: function() {
    this.setData({
      focus: true
    })
  },
  bindTextAreaBlur: function(e) {
    console.log(e.detail.value)
  }
})

 


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